Modal verbs uwielbiają chodzić nago

[vc_row gap=”20″ equal_height=”yes” content_placement=”middle” css=”.vc_custom_1539443881300{margin-top: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;}”][vc_column css=”.vc_custom_1539443908287{margin-top: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 2px !important;border-bottom-width: 2px !important;border-left-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 50px !important;border-left-color: #dd9933 !important;border-right-color: #dd9933 !important;border-top-color: #dd9933 !important;border-bottom-color: #dd9933 !important;}”][vc_text_separator title=”” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-times” i_color=”custom” color=”custom” border_width=”2″ add_icon=”true” accent_color=”#dd9933″ i_custom_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539457385149{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1540016579963{margin-top: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;}”]

Ten błąd z modal verbs popełniają prawie wszyscy. Będzie o nim krótko i na temat, bo błąd jest banalny i łatwy do naprawienia!

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O co chodzi?

O te nieszczęsne MUST TO, MIGHT TO, MAY TO i WILL TO

Must to go, might to work, will to pass. Nie nie nie![/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]

Zasada jest prosta:

[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”2/3″][vc_single_image image=”5278″ img_size=”full” alignment=”center”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_text_separator title=”” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-lightbulb-o” i_color=”custom” color=”custom” border_width=”2″ add_icon=”true” accent_color=”#dd9933″ i_custom_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539461254992{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1587583900151{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would

to krótkie i mega użyteczne słówka tzw. modal verbs, które w angielskim używane są nagminnie. Niestety są często maltretowane poprzez łączenie ich z „to”, czego modale po prostu nie znoszą. Mieszanie modala z „to” to jak usadzenie przy stole komunisty z kapitalistą  obok siebie i oczekiwanie, że się dogadają. Nie dogadają się. Nigdy! Nawet po dwóch butelkach wódki.[/vc_column_text][vc_separator color=”custom” border_width=”2″ accent_color=”#dd9933″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row gap=”20″ equal_height=”yes” content_placement=”middle”][vc_column css=”.vc_custom_1539462829346{padding-top: 20px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;background-color: #550041 !important;}”][vc_column_text]

Po modal verbs nigdy (za wyjątkiem 2 wyjątków) nie wstawiamy „TO”,
tylko bezokolicznik (infinitive).

[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1540016691970{padding-right: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}”]I to nie byle jaki bezokolicznik, ale bare infinitive czyli golutki i wesolutki bezokolicznik, czyli bez  „to”.[/vc_column_text][vc_text_separator title=”” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-lightbulb-o” i_color=”custom” color=”custom” border_width=”2″ add_icon=”true” accent_color=”#ededd5″ i_custom_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539461865932{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”2/3″][vc_single_image image=”5279″ img_size=”full” alignment=”center”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539462781156{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]I must go.

I can do anything you want.

You mustn’t smoke in this building.

You shouldn’t have come.

We may need to restructure the company.

I will see what I can do.

She can’t continue skiving like this.

I must stay late at work today.

I may have to stay late at work today.

I might stay at work today.

I will stay late at work today.[/vc_column_text][vc_text_separator title=”” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-lightbulb-o” i_color=”custom” color=”custom” border_width=”2″ add_icon=”true” accent_color=”#ededd5″ i_custom_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539462199814{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row gap=”20″ equal_height=”yes” content_placement=”middle”][vc_column css=”.vc_custom_1539462876492{margin-top: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 2px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;border-left-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;border-left-color: #dd9933 !important;border-left-style: none !important;border-right-color: #dd9933 !important;border-right-style: none !important;border-top-color: #dd9933 !important;border-top-style: none !important;border-bottom-color: #dd9933 !important;border-bottom-style: none !important;}”][vc_text_separator title=”” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-exclamation” i_color=”custom” color=”custom” border_width=”2″ add_icon=”true” accent_color=”#dd9933″ i_custom_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539462812293{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1540016522807{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-right: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}”]Jedynym odstępstwem od tej reguły są modal verbs: 

HAVE TO, do którego „to” jest po prostu przyklejone jak guma pod ławką szkolną. 

i

 OUGHT TO, który jest elegantszą (bardziej formalną) wersją modalu should, który lubi się z „to”.

I ought to prepare for the presentation.

I ought to speak with my boss about the new deal.

I have to prepare a presentation.

 

O tym, dlaczego have to lepiej traktować z uwagą, aby nie nieświadomie nie zadrzeć z kimś co nie trzeba pisałam w tym artykule:

HAVE TO & MUST- BRZMISZ AGRESYWNIE I NAWET O TYM NIE WIESZ?

 [/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1539374241567{border-radius: 1px !important;}”][vc_column][vc_separator color=”custom” style=”shadow” border_width=”4″ accent_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539434753486{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539462935903{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]

Dobra, ale co dalej?

Jeśli Twój angielski wymaga podszlifowania, mogę Ci w tym pomóc!

Sekretem jest systematyczność. Codziennie mały kroczek to wielki skok w skali roku.

Pamiętaj: Little steps, big results!

[/vc_column_text][vc_separator color=”custom” style=”dotted” border_width=”4″ el_width=”40″ accent_color=”#dd9933″][vc_icon icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-instagram” color=”custom” size=”xl” align=”center” custom_color=”#520041″ link=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.instagram.com%2Fenglishlikeapro.pl%2F||target:%20_blank|” css=”.vc_custom_1539436275512{margin-top: 2px !important;margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-top-width: 2px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 2px !important;padding-bottom: 5px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539462963563{margin-top: 2px !important;border-top-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 10px !important;}”]- Zapraszam na mojego Instagram’a. Wystarczy 5 minut dziennie, aby nauczyć się czegoś nowego.

CODZIENNIE RANO znajdziesz nowe,  krótkie relacje:

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Business Phrase Monday- praktyczne zwroty przydatne w pracy, wymowa i przykłady.

Ask Me A Question Tuesday- odpowiadam na Twoje pytania związane z Business English.

Speak up Wednesday-  ucz się ze mną wymowy, ćwicz i nabieraj pewności w mówieniu.

Mistake Thursday- rozbrajam często robione błędy, które nie wiesz, że robisz!

Casual Friday- nieformalne frazy, które możesz użyć z kolegami w pracy jak i poza biurem.

Chill Saturday, Sunday Fun Day- słownictwo życia codziennego, powiązane z odpoczynkiem, jedzeniem i podróżami.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1539434670913{border-radius: 30px !important;}”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_separator color=”custom” style=”shadow” accent_color=”#dd9933″ css=”.vc_custom_1539436092812{margin-top: 0px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;}”][vc_icon icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-facebook-square” color=”custom” size=”xl” align=”center” custom_color=”#520041″ link=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FKursy-Business-Englishpl-700568307002768%2F||target:%20_blank|” css=”.vc_custom_1539436144649{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 2px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 2px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539435748461{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]– Polub stronę Kursy Business English.pl na Facebooku, aby nie przegapić nowych poradników i materiałów.[/vc_column_text][vc_facebook type=”button_count”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_separator color=”custom” style=”shadow” accent_color=”#dd9933″][vc_icon icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-gift” color=”custom” size=”xl” align=”center” custom_color=”#520041″ link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fenglishlikeapro.pl%2Fbusinessenglishslownictwo%2F||target:%20_blank|” css=”.vc_custom_1539436208903{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 2px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 2px !important;}”][vc_column_text]- Wskocz tutaj jeśli jeszcze nie korzystasz z darmowych materiałów, które przygotowałam.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_icon icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-envelope-open” color=”custom” size=”xl” align=”center” custom_color=”#eca71c” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fenglishlikeapro.pl%2Fbusinessenglishslownictwo%2F||target:%20_blank|” css=”.vc_custom_1539436231898{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 2px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 2px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539440967583{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 5px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]– Zapisz się na Biznesowy Newsletter, bo tylko z moimi subskrybentami dzielę się najlepszymi smaczkami.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_icon icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-comments” color=”custom” size=”xl” align=”center” custom_color=”#eca71c” link=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.instagram.com%2Fenglishlikeapro.pl%2F||target:%20_blank|” css=”.vc_custom_1539371984607{margin-top: 0px !important;margin-bottom: 2px !important;border-top-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 2px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 2px !important;}”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1539440977715{margin-bottom: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;}”]- Jeśli masz jakieś pytanie koniecznie zostaw je w komentarzu a na pewno Ci odpowiem!

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Jeśli jest coś, o czym chętnie byś przeczytał zostaw komentarz, będzie to dla mnie cenną wskazówką, aby cały czas ulepszać to miejsce!

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